What Is the Difference Between CAT5e and CAT6 Ethernet Cables?

When we hear the term CAT6 Cable and CAT5e Cable, so what’s the difference? Both of these cables are referred to copper cable, so both of these have 8 insulated copper cables and both are usually terminated with an RJ-45 connector. So what’s the big deal?

The first Ethernet data criteria used aluminum coaxial cable to transfer data on the early packet-switched networks.


10Base5 networks utilized fairly stiff 0.375 inches, 50-ohm impedance coaxial cable, and was frequently characterized by its Creamy Yellow outer insulated coat. It was frequently connected to the wall and was known as Thick Ethernet. It was designed to pass Ethernet signals at 10 Mbps over a distance of 500 meters, and this might be extended up to 2500 meters.


10Base2 networks utilized 50 ohms impedance coaxial cable that has been much thinner and more elastic than 10Base5, but the Ethernet signals were still designed to be transmitted over this medium at 10 Mbps, albeit over a much shorter distance of around 185 meters, which could be extended around 925 meters with the addition of 4 repeaters. Both the 10Base5 and 10Base2 criteria are now largely obsolete and twisted pair cable is now the typical wired network medium.

Twisted Pair Ethernet Cable

10BaseT was developed in the early 1980s and is mainly used Category 3 cable for transmissions up to 10 Mbs over distances up to 100 meters. Standards evolved to include data speed transmission and also the 100 Mbps and 1000Baset 1000 Mbps criteria were introduced. Cable has been no longer had sufficient bandwidth response to handle these technologies that are quicker and the Cat5 and Cat5e cable criteria were introduced that allowed data levels at up to 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps respectively. Since the 1000BaseT standard became commonplace the Cat5 standard was nice for its transmissions that were 100BaseTx but was quickly superseded by Cat5e. True Cable

So What’s the difference between CAT5e and CAT6 Cable? Well, the wires are assembled similarly making 8 wires in total. Every pair of wires twisted and are color-coded to help reduce Crosstalk. The cable is rated up to 100Mhz and supports up to 1 Gigabit Ethernet, whilst the Cat6 cable is graded up to 250Mhz and may support 10 Gigabit Ethernet signals.

Cat6 Ethernet Cable has over 2 twists per centimeter whereas Cat5e Ethernet Cable just has 1.5 to 2 spins per centimeter. The result is that Cat6 Cable better protects against Crosstalk. Another difference is that the sheath thickness is also greater when comparing Cat6. A number of the Category 6 cables have a Nylon Spine along with the combo of this spine and the thicker sheath protect against Near-End Crosstalk (NEXT) and Alien Crosstalk (AXT), which can increase as the frequency rises.

Many Ethernet Cables in use are UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair), as these are the cables recommended to be utilized between your peripheral devices like computers and the wall socket. STP (Shielded Twisted Pair) Cables are suggested to be utilized for outside installations and also for cable runs inside internal walls.

Stranded wires are more flexible and therefore are more often used for your own computer to wall socket and general home network usage, but frequently businesses usually favor the solid cables as soon as it concerns the wiring inside pipes and wiring ducts due to the exceptional strength and improved network performance.

Ethernet wires might all look alike, but you have to notice that they have different functionality based on the structure. Anyway, the type of wire used in building the cable makes a great difference. So which one matches your needs? In this next list, you will find information on several kinds of Ethernet cable. You might receive the one for your own system.

Cat 3 will be the first sort of Ethernet cable. This is an old type which has limited work of up to 10 Mbps (megabits per second). It’s not popular outside of Voice-Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) and other kinds of voice programs. Besides, Cat 3 cable also features an problem of interference and cross-talk, so it was immediately replaced with more advanced and types.

Cat 5 is the next kind. Better compared to Cat 3, this specific cable allows you to receive 10/100 Mbps of Ethernet connections. To reduce the interference, the cable is wrapped from Cat 3 to be fewer twists per foot. Cat 5 cable works in better functionality than Cat 3 one.

Subsequently, you can also locate Cat 5e cable that is the improved version of Cat 5. It permits you to get 10/100/1,000 Mbps Ethernet connections that will be ideal to encourage internet connection in both home and business applications. Additionally, this is the kind of cable since it comes in end and price point.

You could also locate Cat 6. It is not as popular although it is fairly like Cat 5e. This cable that is specific enables your network to run as its main advantage at almost its rate. It’s made of wires although it is made the exact same manner with Cat 5e.

The last type will be a crossover cable. You have to observe that most Ethernet cables come in regular design and each end is indistinguishable. Crossover cables come in design with all those ones, however you will find that the order of the cables is switched. Usually, people use a crossover cable to connect a device to another individual as well as to bypass a router or network hub. The crossover couldn’t be used on behalf of these standard kinds of Ethernet cables.